Arthritis

Arthritis

Hip ​Condition

Arthritis

Sometimes called “wear-and-tear” arthritis, osteoarthritis is a common condition that many people develop during middle age or older.

It can occur in any joint in the body, but most often develops in weight-bearing joints, such as the hip.

Although there is no cure for osteoarthritis, there are many treatment options to help you manage pain and stay active.

Description

Arthritis is the most common degenerative disease of the hip.

The hip is a “ball-and-socket” joint. The socket is formed by the acetabulum, which is part of the large pelvis bone. The ball is the femoral head, which is the upper end of the femur (thighbone).

The bone surfaces of the ball and socket are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth, slippery substance that protects and cushions the bones and enables them to move easily.

In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the hip joint gradually wears away over time.

Symptoms

The most common symptom of hip osteoarthritis is pain around the hip joint. The pain can make you limp when standing on your affected leg. Pain and stiffness may be worse in the morning, or after sitting or resting for a while.

Causes

Certain factors can make you more likely to develop the disease, including:

  • Age: The cartilage ability to repair itself may decrease with age. Hip osteoarthritis usually affects the elderly.
  • Weight: The greater your weight, the greater the weight that your hip joints support.
  • Injuries: A previous hip injury, as in the case of an accident, may cause osteoarthritis in the future.
  • Other diseases: Some diseases increase the risk of osteoarthritis, such as septic arthritis, sickle cell anemia and lupus.
Treatment

Your doctor will develop a personalized treatment plan to relieve pain and reduce joint stiffness.

  • Lifestyle changes.
  • Exercise.
  • Weightloss.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • NSAID’s.
Surgery

Your doctor may consider surgery if your pain gets worse and causes disability.

Arthroscopy: This procedure can be used to remove spurs or small pieces of detached cartilage, or to smooth the surface of worn cartilage.

Osteotomy: A cut is made in the head of the femur or in the hip cavity to realign it and remove pressure on the hip joint.

Joint replacement: Joint replacement can be total or partial. The entire hip joint or damaged parts are removed and replaced by an artificial device (joint prosthesis).